Lymes disease Signs, Symptoms, diagnostic methods treatment and prevention.



Epidemiology and introduction to Lyme’s Disease

Lyme disease is a tick born disease caused by bacteria named Borrelia. These bacteria belong to the family of spirochete and the major causative agent for the Lyme’s disease is the Borrelia burgdorferi sensus stricto.
However, the bacteria vary according to the region. The bacteria which cause Lyme’s disease in U.S.A is Borrelia burgdorferi sensus strict, while of Europe is Borrelia burgdorferi sensus strict, Borrelia garinii and Borrelia afzelii. The Asian Lyme’s disease is caused by Borrelia garinii and Borrelia afzelii.
This disease is transmitted through a tick names Ixodes ticks (Ixodes Dammini & Ixodes Scapularis). The major endemic areas affected by Lyme’s disease are Northeastern coastal states, Wisconsin and Minnesota, Coast of Oregon and Northern California.
Mechanism of disease transmission

The Ixodes ticks get these bacteria from the rodents as of rats and the larva of these Ixodes ticks are infected from these bacteria. These larvas transform into Nymph stage where it spreads to human by biting them. This way the nymph of the Ixodes transmits the bacteria to humans.
Signs and Symptoms

In the early stages of Lyme disease, you may experience flu-like symptoms that can include a stiff neck, chills, fever, swolle