What is Fibromyalgia and what causes Fibromyalgia



Fibromyalgia The pain is a severe problem when it is constantly there. People cannot function normally with the pain. This is very much the same for the patients suffering from Fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is a rheumatic disorder characterized by widespread muscular and skeletal pain and pain syndrome. The pain from the fibromyalgia is very severe and it greatly disturbs on the quality of life. This disease generally targets on women and with the ratio of 9:1 for women to men. In addition, this disease targets on the women with the age group of 50 and above. This disease can almost be called as the disease of women.

What triggers Fibromyalgia

Cause and trigger points of fibromyalgia

  The cause of fibromyalgia is not yet been clearly understood. However, there are hundreds of hypothesis are out today to support the pathogenesis of fibromyalgia. One of such hypothesis is the abnormality in our Central nervous system. Nevertheless, none of the hypothesis has been approved as the cause yet. The cause of this fibromyalgia might be released in the nearest future due to the intense research my many scholars. Clinical Manifestation The major clinical manifestation or the symptoms of fibromyalgia are – Generalized musculoskeletal pain. – Stiffness – Fatigue. However, the patient might complain of lower back pa

Epidemiology and introduction to Lyme’s Disease

Lyme disease is a tick born disease caused by bacteria named Borrelia. These bacteria belong to the family of spirochete and the major causative agent for the Lyme’s disease is the Borrelia burgdorferi sensus stricto.
However, the bacteria vary according to the region. The bacteria which cause Lyme’s disease in U.S.A is Borrelia burgdorferi sensus strict, while of Europe is Borrelia burgdorferi sensus strict, Borrelia garinii and Borrelia afzelii. The Asian Lyme’s disease is caused by Borrelia garinii and Borrelia afzelii.
This disease is transmitted through a tick names Ixodes ticks (Ixodes Dammini & Ixodes Scapularis). The major endemic areas affected by Lyme’s disease are Northeastern coastal states, Wisconsin and Minnesota, Coast of Oregon and Northern California.
Mechanism of disease transmission

The Ixodes ticks get these bacteria from the rodents as of rats and the larva of these Ixodes ticks are infected from these bacteria. These larvas transform into Nymph stage where it spreads to human by biting them. This way the nymph of the Ixodes transmits the bacteria to humans.
Signs and Symptoms

In the early stages of Lyme disease, you may experience flu-like symptoms that can include a stiff neck, chills, fever, swolle









How to Diagnose Lupus A person can be diagnosed with SLE if he/she has 4/11 common symptoms. But, it is always necessary to confirm the diagnosis. In this case, there are several general examinations and many specific examinations to confirm and to reveal the severity of the disease.

First on the list is to check what your blood says and whether the substance causing this disease, which is called as Anti Nuclear Antibodies (ANA) are present in the blood. Hence, a Complete Blood Count (CBC) and an Anti Nuclear Antibody (ANA) tests are done. A chest X-ray, ultrasound scanning of the abdomen and an urinanalysis will be done as well.

To see whether the internal organs are involved, the doctor might do many examinations such as Antithyroglobulin antibody test, Antithyroid microsomal antibody test, Complement components (C3 and C4), Direct Coombs’ test, Cryoglobulins, ESR, Kidney function blood tests, Liver function blood tests, rheumatoid factor and antiphospholipid antibodies.

There is no specific treatment for SLE and it is not a disease which can be completely cured. But, there are medications which might relive the symptoms of SLE; in mild form of this disease doctors will prescribe oral Non- steroidal anti Inflammatory Drugs (NSAIDs) and Corticosteroid creams for the rash. But, in severe forms, high doses of steroids and cytotoxic dr